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Vocabulary Quiz
shut up • next thing • commotion
scrapes • legal
  1. He got a couple from falling down the stairs but nothing serious.
  2. What is the age to gamble here?
  3. I sat next to a woman on the plane who just wouldn't . I think she talked for nearly 3 hours.
  4. We were just watching a movie at home, and the you know there was a car in our living room.
  5. As soon as anyone gets close to the house, the dogs cause a real .
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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620 Surf and the Sea
Mitchell talks what life on the waves.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

shut up

My friend said he saw a shark, so I told him to just shut up because I thought he was lying.

If you tell someone to 'shut up,' you are telling them in an impolite way to be quite. Notice the following:

  1. She loves talking and almost never shuts up.
  2. Will you just shut up for a second so I can tell you the story?

the next thing you know

We continued surfing and the next thing you know, we heard a siren coming.

We can use this phrase when a situation changes very quickly and we don't have proper time to react. Notice the following:

  1. We were just hanging out on the beach in the sun, and the next thing you know it started raining.
  2. He had a great job and an expensive apartment, and the next thing he knew he was homeless and unemployed.

commotion

We saw this commotion and we thought the girl must have been bitten by a shark.

A 'commotion' is a noisy disturbance or unnecessarily loud actions. Notice the following:

  1. The teacher kicked the boy out of class for causing a commotion.
  2. He made a real commotion when he got home from the bars last night.

scrapes and cuts

It's dangerous to surf by the reef, because you might hit your head or get scrapes and cuts.

You get a 'scrape' when a part of your body rubs against something with enough force to remove the top layer of your skin. A 'cut' comes when something sharp makes an incision into your skin and makes you bleed. Notice the following:

  1. Most children get covered in scrapes and cuts from playing outside in the summer.
  2. He was okay after his bike accident, but he did have a few scrapes and cuts.

legal

Back in those days, it was legal to eat turtles.

When something is 'legal,' it is permitted by law. Notice the following:

  1. It isn't legal to talk on your cell phone while you drive here.
  2. Is it legal to smoke in restaurants here?