Beginner 2 | Lesson 8 | Nouns - Singular and Plural

Nice House

Aimee and Todd discuss their homes.

Todd: So Amy, do you have a big house?

Aimee: Yes, I think our house is quite big. Yeah.

Todd: How many rooms are in your house?

Aimee: There are six rooms in our house.

Todd: Whoa! Six rooms.

Aimee: Yes.

Todd: That's big.

Aimee: It is big. It is.

Todd: Very cool. So, do you have a big kitchen?

Aimee: The kitchen is quite big, but there isn't much table space to prepare food when I'm cooking.

Todd: Yeah, there's not much space in my house either. I agree for in the kitchen.

Aimee: Yeah.

Todd: And in your kitchen, so you have a refrigerator, a stove, a table?

Aimee: In our kitchen we have a refrigerator, yeah. Yes. We also have a small stove. We don't have a table. We have a big cabinet where we keep our microwave and toaster and rice cooker.

Todd: OK, but you don't have a table. Where do you eat?

Aimee: We eat either on a table in the living room or at another table in the dining room.

Todd: So is your living room big?

Aimee: It's quite big. Yes. We have a big couch and a low table. A low table, heated table. It's very handy in the winter.

Todd: Do you have a big TV?

Aimee: It's quite big, I think. Yeah.

Todd: Do you have cable TV?

Aimee: We do have cable TV. Yes. My children love to watch the cartoons on cable TV.

Todd: Yeah, cartoons are great. I still watch cartoons.

Aimee: You do?

Todd: I'm 47 and I still watch cartoons. How many bathrooms do you have?

Aimee: One bathroom and one separate toilet.

Todd: OK before I told you I only have two books in my house.

Aimee: Right.

Todd: Do you have many books in your house?

Aimee: Yes. More than two.

Todd: Oh, no. That's scary. How many?

Aimee: I think we have about two long shelves full of books, so maybe about, maybe fifty books. Maybe?

Todd: Wow.

Aimee: Fifty books in the living rooms and in the kids rooms maybe another fifty books. Kids books. And upstairs in my daughters bedroom, maybe another thirty books.

Todd: That's a lot of books.

Aimee: It is a lot of books. You're right.

Todd: Wow.

Aimee: The kids books are thin and light.

Todd: Well, that's good.

Aimee: I think it's important to have books for children.

Todd: I agree. So you have a family. How many people are in your family?

Aimee: There are four of us.

Todd: Oh, OK so four people.

Aimee: Yes.

Todd: That means, so four people, is it crowded in your house?

Aimee: No, it's not crowded. Our house is quite big. We have a lot of space. We have ... each person has their own room

Todd: Oh, that's good.

Aimee: Yes.

Todd: Nice. Sounds like a nice place.

Aimee: It is nice. I really like it, but like your place, it's old.

Todd: Oh, so cold in the winter.

Aimee: Yes, and very hot in summer.

Todd: Old means cold!

Aimee: It does.

Todd: Oh, do you have a patio? An outdoor area?

Aimee: We don't have a patio. But we do have a nice garden.

Todd: Oh, nice.

Aimee: Yes, there are lots of trees and bushes and flowers and it's a nice place to have barbecues.

Todd: Oh, great.

Aimee: Yes, you should come sometime.

Todd: I will for sure.

Aimee: OK, good.

Todd: Tell me when!

Aimee: OK.

Singular vs Plural Nouns with Articles

Point 1: We use plural nouns when we talk about more than one item. We add an (s) to the noun.
  1. I have many books.
  2. I don't have a history book though.
  3. I have a cat and two dogs.
Point 2: We use the article 'a' and 'an' before a singular noun for an item that is not specific to the listener.
  1. I have an old computer.
  2. She has a nice house.
  3. I have a big kitchen.'
  4. I don't have an umbrella.
Point 3: Once the listener knows about the item, we use the article 'the' instead of 'a' or 'an' in future references.
  1. To make an omelet, crack an egg. Then whisk the egg.
  2. Then get a pan. Cook the egg in the pan.
  3. Then get a plate. Put the egg on the plate.
  4. Then get a fork. Use the fork to eat the omelet.
Point 4: When we talk about items in general, use the plural form, often without the artile 'the'.
  1. Books are important.
  2. Do you like apples?
  3. Everybody needs friends.
  4. I don't like watching movies.
Point 5: We use the artile 'the' before plural nouns when we refers to a specific group of items.
  1. I bought the books you asked for.
  2. The streets in my town are very clean.
  3. I love the cookies on the table.
  4. The students in my class love to play games.
Answer the following questions about the interview.