Intermediate 5 | Lesson 02 | Subordinating Conjunctions - Time

Soup for Supper

Sarah talks with Todd about how she loves making soup and the what she does with the extras.

Todd: Okay. So Sarah, I see you eat soup every day at work. Why are you eating soup every day?

Sarah: That’s because I love to cook soup.

Todd: So you make the soup?

Sarah: Yes, it’s very easy to make.

Todd: So you cook it and then you just bring it to work everyday?

Sarah: Yeah. I just make a lot on Monday and then I bring it to work everyday of the week.

Todd: Oh nice. So how do you make the soup? What’s your secret?

Sarah: Well, I like to cook very easy. So I buy meat that’s already cut up, usually, chicken and then some rice, usually brown rice and then I buy some vegetables. So after I bought the ingredients, I chop them up and I put them all together in water until it boils and add some seasoning.

Todd: Okay. So you say the water boils, so as soon as the water boils that’s when you put in all the ingredients?

Sarah: Yes, that’s right.

Todd: So you don’t put in the ingredients before the water boils.

Sarah: No. I guess, it’s just easier for the water to be hot because then the vegetables and the meat cook a little faster.

Todd: So how do you give the soup flavoring?

Sarah: I usually add salt and pepper, maybe some garlic. And depending on the type of soup, either maybe some soy sauce or lemon juice.

Todd: Okay. Do you put in the flavoring after you put in the ingredients or before you put in the ingredients?

Sarah: Maybe after but usually, right about all at the same time.

Todd: Okay.

Sarah: So I just put everything in at one time.

Todd: And then after you cook the soup, do you put the soup in the refrigerator? Do you let it sit outside?

Sarah: I usually eat some right then, and I also put it in containers for the week. But I let it sit in the containers out on the counter for a while for it to cool before I put in the refrigerator.

Todd: All right. And so, you don’t put it in the refrigerator until it is cool?

Sarah: Until it’s about room temperature.

Todd: Okay, nice. And then how do you heat it up? Do you heat it up in a pot or do you heat it up in the microwave?

Sarah: In the microwave. It’s the easiest.

Todd: Yeah. Nice. So you make enough for five meals?

Sarah: Maybe, sometimes. If I think I will get tired of eating it during the week then maybe I’ll just make enough for three or four meals. But if it’s some kind that I think is really delicious and I know I want to eat it everyday, then I’ll make a lot.

Todd: Well, if that happens, when you make the soup, you can make it for six or seven and give me a bowl.

Sarah: Okay. I’ll do that next time.

Todd: Oh great. Thanks.

[End of Transcript]

Subordinating Conjunctions of Time

Subordinating conjunctions of time show how clauses relate according to time.
  1. The meeting started before we got there.
  2. He left by the time we arrived.
  3. Call me when you get home.
  4. I will call you after I finish.
Before and by the time precede an action.
  1. I wake up before the sun rises.
  2. She does yoga before she goes to work.
  3. My boss is in the office by the time I get there.
  4. I should be there by the time you arrive.
When, as soon as, once, and until coincide with an action.
  1. I fee sad when it rains.
  2. She calls me as soon as she home.
  3. Flip the pancake once it starts to bubble.
  4. Please stay here until I call you.
After follows an action. As soon as and right after or just after can mean the same thing.
  1. I called her after I got home.
  2. I saw him as soon as the meeting ended.
  3. I saw him right after the meeting ended.
  4. I saw him just after the meeting ended.
Answer the following questions about the interview.