Articles and Determiners
Todd: Do you have a pen I can use?
Katie: No, but I have a pencil.
Todd: Thanks. Do you have an eraser?
Katie: The pencil has an eraser.
Todd: Great. And some paper?
Katie: My gosh, you don’t have anything!
Todd: Would you like a sandwich?
Katie: I would love a sandwich.
Todd: And some chips?
Katie: Some chips sounds lovely.
Todd: And a drink?
Katie: I’m OK. I have a water.
Todd: How do you like your new house?
Katie: It’s nice. It has a kitchen, a big bedroom and a nice bathroom.
Todd: Do you have a yard?
Katie: No, but I have a patio.
Todd: Nice, do you have a good view?
Katie: No, there is a building next door.
Todd: Did you like the book?
Katie: Yes, I loved the ending.
Todd: Really, I thought the ending was not that good.
Katie: No way! The surprise at the end was great.
Todd: Did you like the characters?
Katie: Yes, I liked everything about it.
English uses determiners before nouns, especially articles, to give nouns added meaning.
a / an
We use a / an when we introduce a singular noun.
- To make an omelet, you need an egg, a pan, and a stove.
We use some to introduce an uncountable noun or plural noun.
- To make a cheese sandwich, you need some cheese, some mustard, and some bread.
We use the when the speaker and listener both know what is being discussed.
- I liked the movie, but I did not like the ending. The story was not interesting. The acting was bad too!