Grammar | High Beginner 3

Much / A Lot

See how speakers can use much and a lot with verbs and nouns.

Conversation 1
Todd: Do you watch much TV?
Katie: Not anymore. I used to watch a lot of TV, but not now. And you?
Todd: Yeah, I watch a lot of TV.
Katie: What do you watch?
Todd: I watch a lot of dramas and some news shows.
Katie: I don’t watch the news much, but maybe I should

Conversation 2
Todd: Do you exercise much?
Katie: Not that much, but some.
Todd: What do you do?
Katie: I go running a lot. What about you?
Todd: I don’t exercise at all.
Katie: That’s too bad. It can be fun!

Conversation 3
Todd: Do you eat much fast food?
Katie: Yeah, I eat it way too much!
Todd: Ooh, that’s not good. You should not eat it too much.
Katie: I know, but I do it so save time, plus I don’t cook much.
Todd: Me too, but I try to eat a lot of fruits and vegetables.
Katie: Good idea.

Conversation 4
Todd: Do speak Spanish much?
Katie: Yeah, I speak it a lot at work.
Todd: That must be nice.
Katie: What about you?
Todd: Not that much. People do not use it much at my work.
Katie: That’s too bad!

Grammar Focus

Notice how we use the following adverbs after verbs to show how much we do an activity.

verb + much (intransitive)
(Q) Do you cook much?
(A) I cook a lot. (often)
(N) I do not cook much.

verb + much (transitive)
(Q) Do you watch TV much?
(A) I watch a lot of TV.
(N) I do not watch TV much.

verb + a lot (intransitive)
(Q) Do you exercise a lot?
(A) I work out a lot.
(N) I don’t work out a lot.

verb + a lot (transitive)
(Q) Do you eat a lot of salad?
(A) I eat it a lot.
(N) I don’t eat it a lot.

You can also use these words before a noun for similar meaning.

A lot of + noun
(Q) Do you eat a lot of vegetables?
(A) I eat a lot of vegetables.
(N) I don’t eat a lot of vegetables.

much + noun
(Q) Do you drink much wine?
(A) I drink a lot of wine.
(N) I don’t drink much wine.

When we want to emphasize we do not do something, we use at all to show this.

at all
(Q) Do you drive at all?
(A) ------ x --------
(N) I don’t drive at all.

Short Answers
(Q) Do you cook much?
(A) Yes, a lot.
(N) No, not much.
(N) No, not at all.

Answer the following questions about the interview.