Subordinting Conjunctions (Condition) - One Minute Grammar

Shantel / United Statesflaf

What are you plans for the future?

Hi, my name is Chantel and I'm from California, and today's topic is what are your plans for the future?

Well in the near future, I will travel to Korea unless a typhoon comes. I won't be able to go to Korea if the typhoon comes because all the flights to Korea will be canceled. In Korea, I will eat as much Korean food as possible, as long as it isn't too spicy because I don't really like spicy food. But, I will also go to the beach if the weather is nice, and most importantly, I can't return to Japan unless I have bought souvenirs for my friends and coworkers. What about you? What are your plans for the future?

Subordinating Conjunctions of Condition

Subordinating conjunctions of condition show how one action depends on another action.
  1. I will call you if I am late.
  2. If you feel sick, you can stay home.
  3. As long as you exercise, you will stay in shape.
  4. I cannot buy a house year unless I win the lottery!
If shows a condition. One action depends on another action.
  1. If it rains, we will not play tennis.
  2. We will not play tennis if it rains.
  3. If you help me, I can pay you.
  4. I can pay you if you help me.
Unless shows a condition. One action depends on another action. Unless is similar to if .. not.
  1. Unless you study, you cannot pass the test.
  2. If you do not study, you cannot pass the test.
  3. Do not call me unless you are serious.
  4. Do not call me if you are not serious.
As long as means if but it often shows a negative consequence to an action.
  1. As long as we leave now, we can arrive in time.
  2. We can arrive in time as long as we leave now.
  3. We will play tennis as long as it does not rain.
  4. As long as it does not rain, we will play tennis.
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Using subordinating conjunctions (if, unless, as long as) with conditions.