Subordinating Conjunctions - Reasons and Contrast
Subordinating conjunctions of reason and contrast show relationships between actions.
- We ate dinner early because we were hungry.
- Let's see a movie since we are at the cinema.
- She wore a coat even though it was hot.
- While he is smart, he is a very lazy student.
Because and since shows a reason.
- I have to leave because I work tomorrow.
- Because I work tomorrow, I have to leave.
- We went inside since it was raining.
- Since it was raining, I went inside.
Even though shows contrast between two actions.
- We stayed inside even though it was sunny.
- Even though it was sunny, we stayed inside.
- I passed the test even though I did not study.
- Even though I did not study, I passed the test.
Although contrasts ideas and means the same as even though, but it is not as flexible in usage.
- Although I am fat, I am very fit.
- Although I have a license, I never drive my car.
- Although I like fashion, I have few clothes.
- You can eat that although you will regret it.
While also contrasts ideas. It is only used to contrast ideas from the start of a sentence.
- While I hate vegetables, I still eat them.
- While I speak Japanese, I never use it.
- While I do like sports, I do not play them often.
- While you can say that, you can't mean it.