1: There are many verbs in English that often have a noun clause as the object.
- I believe what you are saying.
- I know what you mean.
- We assume that he is coming to the party.
- They denied that they did anything wrong.
2: Many of these noun clauses start with the word that, which is often omitted in spoken English.
- I think that he is not coming to work today.
- I hope that you are right.
- She said that it was a mistake.
- He revealed that he was quitting.
3: Many of the verbs in projected speech refer to thoughts and use verbs associated with thinking.
- We concluded that it was a mistake.
- He realized that he was wrong.
- I imagine that you must be tired.
- I think that we should start over.
4: Many of the verbs in projected speech refer to speech and use verbs associated with speaking.
- She said that she was sorry.
- He mentioned that you have a new job.
- He complained that the computers are slow.
- She claimed that he was lying.
5: Many of the verbs in projected speech refer to feelings and use verbs associated with opinions.
- She regrets that she said that.
- I feel that she is making a mistake.
- I like that you are always honest.
- We hate what he is all about.
- I disagree with what you saying.