Adverbs ( Much / A lot ) - One Minute Grammar

Todd / United Statesflaf

Comparing Thailand and Japan
Hey guys. In this video, I'm going to talk about my two homes and how they're very different. So, I live about half the year in Japan and half the year in Thailand, and my life is different in each place. So, in Thailand, I don't cook much. Actually, I don't cook at all, because my little my apartment does not have a kitchen, so I eat out often. Actually, I eat out all the time. In Japan though, I cook some. 

In Japan, I don't use the bus that much. I have a car, so I drive a lot, but in Thailand, I don't drive at all. I never drive actually. So I either take the bus or I take the BTS, so that's a little bit different. And also, in Japan, I don't walk much. I don't walk around that much, but in Thailand, I walk around a lot. I walk to the park. I walk down the street. I'm just always walking, so I kind of like that. 

In Japan, I speak Japanese, but I don't speak that much actually. I don't know why. I guess because people don't talk as much in Japan and maybe my Japanese is not as good, but in Thailand, I speak Thai a lot. So maybe that's also a little bit different. In Thailand, I don't spend that much money, but Bangkok is getting more expensive and then where I live in Japan is not too expensive, so I don't spend that much money there, but I spend much more money on rent in Japan then I do in Thailand. So both places are great. I love them, but they're just a little bit different. 

Much / A Lot

Notice how we use the following adverbs after verbs to show how much we do an activity.

verb + much (intransitive)

(Q) Do you cook much?
(A) I cook a lot. (often)
(N) I do not cook much.
(N) I do not cook (that) much.

verb + much (transitive)

(Q) Do you watch TV much?
(A) I watch a lot of TV.
(N) I do not watch TV (that) much.

verb + a lot (intransitive)

(Q) Do you exercise a lot?
(A) I work out a lot.
(N) I don’t work out a lot.

verb + a lot (transitive)

(Q) Do you eat a lot of salad?
(A) I eat it a lot.
(N) I don’t eat it a lot.

A lot of + noun

(Q) Do you eat a lot of vegetables?
(A) I eat a lot of vegetables.
(N) I don’t eat a lot of vegetables.

much + noun

(Q) Do you drink much wine?
(A) I drink a lot of wine.
(N) I don’t drink much wine.

at all - When we want to emphasize we do not do something, we use at all to show this.

(Q) Do you drive at all?
(A) ------ x --------
(N) I don’t drive at all.

Short Answers

(Q) Do you cook much?
(A) Yes, a lot.
(N) No, not much.
(N) No, not at all.

Answer the following questions about the interview.

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See how speakers can use much and a lot with verbs and nouns.