Subrdinating Conjunctions (Reason) - One Minute Grammar

Shantel / United Statesflaf

Are you optimistic about the future?
Hi, my name is Shantel and today's question is are you optimistic about the future? 

Yes, I'm very optimistic about the future because I think it's important to have a positive outlook in life. Although we may face many challenges, and obstacles, we can overcome them if we're positive and optimistic. A key for being optimistic about the future is setting goals. Ever since I was a child, I have always set goals for my future because I want to do many things and I want to improve myself. Another key for optimistic about the future is smiling because smiling attracts other people who are optimistic and positive too. I try to find reasons to smile every day, even though I might be sad or upset. But what about you? Are you optimistic about the future? 

Subordinating Conjunctions | Reasons and Contrast

Subordinating conjunctions of reason and contrast show relationships between actions.
  1. We ate dinner early because we were hungry.
  2. Let's see a movie since we are at the cinema.
  3. She wore a coat even though it was hot.
  4. While he is smart, he is a very lazy student.
Because and since shows a reason.
  1. I have to leave because I work tomorrow.
  2. Because I work tomorrow, I have to leave.
  3. We went inside since it was raining.
  4. Since it was raining, I went inside.
Even though shows contrast between two actions.
  1. We stayed inside even though it was sunny.
  2. Even though it was sunny, we stayed inside.
  3. I passed the test even though I did not study.
  4. Even though I did not study, I passed the test.
Although contrasts ideas and means the same as even though, but it is not as flexible in usage.
  1. Although I am fat, I am very fit.
  2. Although I have a license, I never drive my car.
  3. Although I like fashion, I have few clothes.
  4. You can eat that although you will regret it.
While also contrasts ideas. It is only used to contrast ideas from the start of a sentence.
  1. While I hate vegetables, I still eat them.
  2. While I speak Japanese, I never use it.
  3. While I do like sports, I do not play them often.
  4. While you can say that, you can't mean it.
Answer the following questions about the interview.

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Using subordinating conjunctions (because, even though, although) to show reasons.