Subordinating Conjuctions - Time
Man: What do you usually do after you finish work.
Woman: I usually go to the gym, and then after I work out, I go shopping.
Man: You must get home pretty late. When do you eat dinner?
Woman: I usually eat as soon as I get home, which is about 9.
Man: Wow, I could never eat dinner that late.
Woman: When do you usually eat dinner?
Man: I usually eat about 6, right after I get home.
Woman: Do you usually cook?
Man: No, my wife works from home, so she usually has dinner ready by the time I get back.
Woman: Sounds like a nice set-up.
Man: So, how do you register for this app on the website?
Woman: Well, first you put in your email address.
Man: OK, that seems pretty easy.
Woman: But before you can do anything else, you need to check your email.
Man: OK,. Then what do I do?
Woman: After you get the email, you need to click the link which goes back to the website.
Man: OK, do I need to do this as soon as I sign up?
Woman: No, I think you can wait as long as you like, but I am not sure.
Man: OK, well, regardless, I will click it as soon as I get it. What's next then?
Woman: Then you go back to the site and after you create a password, you have an account. Then you can use the app.
Man: Sounds pretty easy. I think I can do that.
Woman: It’s very easy. I am sure you will have no problems.
Man: So, how was your day at the beach?
Woman: Awful. It started to rain as soon as we got there.
Man: Oh no. Did it rain all day?
Woman: No, but by the time it stopped, we were ready to come back home.
Man: Oh, that is too bad.
Woman: We did get to swim a little though right before we left.
Man: Well, at least you had some fun.
Woman: Yeah, hopefully we will have nicer weather when we go next time.
Man: When do you want to retire?
Woman: I want to retire when I am about 50.
Man: Wow, that is pretty young. Why so young?
Woman: I want to travel the world while I am still relatively young. What about you?
Man: I doubt I will retire before I am 70. I love working.
Woman: Oh yeah. What do you want to do after you retire?
Man: Well, assuming I have grandkids, I want to spend as much time with them before they grow up.
Woman: That’s nice. Well, here’s to our future.
Subordinating Conjunctions of Time
Subordinating conjunctions of time show how clauses relate according to time.
- The meeting started before we got there.
- He left by the time we arrived.
- Call me when you get home.
- I will call you after I finish.
Before and by the time precede an action.
- I wake up before the sun rises.
- She does yoga before she goes to work.
- My boss is in the office by the time I get there.
- I should be there by the time you arrive.
When, as soon as, once, and until coincide with an action.
- I feel sad when it rains.
- She calls me as soon as she gets home.
- Flip the pancake once it starts to bubble.
- Please stay here until I call you.
After follows an action. As soon as and right after or just after can mean the same thing.
- I called her after I got home.
- I saw him as soon as the meeting ended.
- I saw him right after the meeting ended.
- I saw him just after the meeting ended.
Grammar Listening Practice
I like this soup, it’s so yum, yet healthy.
I usually eat as soon as I get home.
Well, since you were not here, I can’t pay you.
Yes, I'm going unless I get stuck at work.
Things would be better around here if I were the boss!