How International are you?

Listen to two people discuss culture, food, movies and more.

Present Perfect for Experiences (Lesson Plan)

ESL students can hear real people speaking natural English using the present perfect for experiences. Recommended study plan:

  • Watch the video
  • Take the quiz
  • Listen again and read the script
  • Learn the grammar with the notes

Todd: OK, Katie.

Katie: Yeah.

Todd: Let's take an international test.

Katie: Oh, OK.

Todd: How international are you? Let's find out.

Katie: Let's find out.

Todd: First, have you ever eaten Greek food?

Katie: Greek food? Ah, I've eaten, how do you say it, falafel.

Todd: Oh, is that Greek?

Katie: I think so. I've had that, but apart from that, I've never eaten Greek food. How about you?

Todd: Ah, I think I have. Like, I've eaten Greek yogurt. Does that count?

Katie: That counts.

Todd: That counts?

Katie: That counts.

Todd: OK, have you ever eaten Vietnamese food?

Katie: Ah, I see it written down. Is it pho?

Todd: Pho, the noodles?

Katie: Yeah, I've eaten pho before.

Todd: Yeah, I've been to Vietnam so I've eaten Vietnamese food a lot. And pho the noodles is really good.

Katie: Yeah, it's delicious.

Todd: I've had that too.

Katie: OK, now let's talk about languages.

Todd: Oh, OK. Have you ever studied French?

Katie: I have. I studied French for five years.

Todd: Oh, can you still speak French?

Katie: Nope. Not at all.

Todd: Yeah, me too. I once studied French years ago, but I haven't spoken French in so long I can't remember anything.

Katie: I can't remember anything either.

Todd: Have you ever studied an Asian Language?

Katie: I've studied Japanese. I can still speak it a little bit now, and I studied a little bit of Korean, but I don't speak Korean.

Todd: Oh, really. OK. Wow, like I've studied Thai because I lived in Thailand for five years, and like you I've studied Japanese, but my Japanese is terrible.

Katie: How about your Thai?

Todd: My Thai is OK. It's OK. I can talk a little bit. OK, so have you ever met a Spanish person?

Katie: A Spanish person? Actually, I don't think I have.

Todd: Really?

Katie: I don't think I have met a Spanish person.

Todd: Oh, interesting. I've been to Spain so, I've met a few and we have a Spanish teacher at our school.

Katie: Oh, maybe I have met a Spanish person then. Maybe, I've met a secret Spanish person.

Todd: OK, have you met a Chinese person?

Katie: Oh, yes, I've meet lots of Chinese people.

Todd: OK, and have you met a Brazilian person?

Katie: I feel like if I say no, then I have. Probably. Probably, I've met a Brazilian person.

Todd: Yeah, I've met a few people from Brazil, so they're alway very nice. Very friendly people.

Present Perfect

Point 1: Use the present perfect to talk about experiences.

  • Where have you worked?
  • I’ve worked for many companies.
  • I haven’t worked for him.
  • Have you been to Europe?
  • Yes, I have been to Spain.
  • No, I haven’t had the time or money.

Point 2: Use the particle 'yet' in questions to ask if an action occured.

  • Have you seen the movie yet?
  • Yes, I have seen it.
  • No, I have not seen it yet.
  • Have you finished yet?
  • Yes, I am done.
  • Not yet.

Point 3: Use 'already' in affirmative statements. It can go before or after the verb. Also, the answer can use the past tense.

  • Have you eaten yet?
  • Yes, I've eaten already.
  • Yes, I've already eaten.
  • Have you called her?
  • Yes, I called her already.
  • Yes, I already called her.

Point 4: Contractions

  • I have eaten. = I’ve eaten.
  • I have not eaten. = I haven't eaten yet.

  • You have won. = You’ve won.
  • You have not won yet. = You haven't won yet.

  • She has left. = She’s left.
  • She has not left yet. = She hasn't left yet.

  • He has finished = He’s finished.
  • He has not finished yet. = He hasn't finished yet.

  • It has stopped. = It’s stopped.
  • It has not stopped yet. = It hasn't stopped yet.

  • They have quit. = They’ve quit.
  • They have not quit yet. = They haven't quit yet.

  • We have won. = We’ve won.
  • We have not won yet. = We haven't won yet.
Answer the following questions about the interview.

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