ELLLO Beginner English Lesson 3-06

Simple Past Tense

Watch these videos to learn how to use the past tense.

Simple Past Tense

Past tense verbs usually end with an -ed ending but only for affirmative sentences. For questions and negative statements we use did to express the past. See below.

(Q) Where did you work?
(A) I worked in an office.
(N) I did not work in the city.

There are three ways to pronounce the -ed ending.

-ed = /t/ Verbs ending with non voiced sound such as the following: -sh, -ch, -p, -k, -s, -t.

I washed the dishes
I walked to work.
I worked at my desk.
I talked to my friend

-ed = /d/ Verbs ending with voiced sound such as the following: -n, -y, -v, -m.

I cleaned the room.
I enjoyed the movie.
I mowed the lawn.

-ed = /id/ Verbs ending with -d or -t.

I wanted to go.
I decided to stay.
I needed to sleep.


I did not work.
I didn’t sleep much.

(did not = didn’t)

To download the free PDF, view the lesson full-screen and click the link in the top right corner.