ELLLO Intermediate English Lesson #5-01

Coordinating Conjunctions

Watch these videos to learn how to use cordinating conjunctions.

Coordinating Conjunctions - Grammar Notes

Coordinating Conjunctions connect words, phrases and clauses. There are seven of them.
  1. I work in the city, and I study at university.
  2. I am tired, but I will keep working.
  3. It was cold, so we stayed inside.
  4. You can leave, or you can stay.
  5. I don't like math, nor do I like history.
  6. We went home, for it was getting late.
  7. I was so tired, yet I could not sleep.
And shows similarity and associates things.

Word: I have a dog and a cat.
Phrase
: I like to study at night and in the morning.
Clause: I can sing and I write music, too.

But contrasts ideas.

Word: It is cloudy but warm.
Phrase
: It is open on Saturday but not on Sunday.
Clause: I play sports, but I never watch sports on TV.

So shows cause and effect. It has other meanings. Thus, it can only be used with clauses.

Word: --x--
Phrase
: --x--
Clause: I was tired, so I went home.

For shows reasons. It means because. It has other meanings. Thus, it can only be used with clauses.

Word: --x--
Phrase
: --x--
Clause: We did not make it, for the traffic was bad.

Or connects related choices.

Word: You can have coffee or tea.
Phrase
: We can stay by the lake or in the woods.
Clause: We can take the train, or we can drive there.

Nor connects two related negative concepts.

Word: The book was not fun, nor useful.
Phrase
: I don't sit much at home, nor at work.
Clause: I don't eat meat, nor do I drink caffeine.

Yet shows a surprising contrast between two things.

Word: Her dress was elegant yet simple.
Phrase
: --x--
Clause: He is rich, yet he never spends any money.


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