Beginner English Grammar (A2) Lesson 8 of 25

Adjectives and Adverbs of Degree

Read and listen to four conversations using the grammar.

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Conversation 1

Man: How is your new job?
Woman: It’s good. The job is interesting, and the people are nice.
Man: Is it near your house?
Woman: No, it is in the city, so it’s far away. It takes an hour to get there.
Man: Oh, no! How is the commute?
Woman: It’s long, and it is expensive, but I don’t mind too much.
Man: Why don’t you take the bus? It’s really cheap.
Woman: I would, but the bus is really slow and crowded! I can’t get a seat.
Man: Yeah, it is crowded.

Conversation 2

Man: How was your weekend?
Woman: Good. I went to the new mall.
Man: Oh yeah? How was it?
Woman: Great! It has a really nice food court.
Man: Oh, cool! How was the food?
Woman: Really good. The food was delicious and not expensive.
Man: Was it healthy?
Woman: Not really, but the portions are really big.
Man: Oh, that's good to know!

Conversation 3

Man: How is your new computer?
Woman: Good. It is fast and has lots of cool features.
Man: It looks expensive, though.
Woman: Yeah, it’s not cheap, but I need it for work.
Man: Is it light? It doesn’t look very heavy.
Woman: Yes, it is very light. It only weighs one kilogram.
Man: Wow, that is light! My computer is so big and heavy.
Woman: Is your computer old?
Man: Yes, it's over five years old. It's time for a new one!
Woman: Yeah, that is pretty old for a computer.

Conversation 4

Man: How is your math class?
Woman: Not good. It is very difficult.
Man: Oh, I thought you liked math.
Woman: I do, but the class is hard, and the teacher is really boring.
Man: Oh, that’s too bad.
Woman: Plus, the room is really old, and the chairs are uncomfortable.
Man: That doesn’t sound like a fun class!
Woman: It's not!


Use adjectives to show the quality of something.

Point 1: Adjectives are often used after a be verb to describe the subject.
  1. He is funny.
  2. It is hot today.
  3. My house is old.
  4. You are so nice!
Point 2: The be verb can change tenses, and the adjective does not change form.
  1. He was happy.
  2. It will be hot tomorrow.
  3. My house was old and cold.
  4. You can be nice at times.
Point 3: We sometimes add very and really to show greater intensity of a trait.
  1. Tokyo is really crowded.
  2. Rome is very old.
  3. She is really nice.
  4. He is very strict.
Point 4: Adjectives can also describe a noun. If the noun has a determiner or quantifier, it goes between them and the noun.
  1. Russia is a big country.
  2. She is a nice lady.
  3. It was a difficult test.
  4. I bought some really nice shoes.
Answer these questions about the interview.

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A2-07 Past Tense - Irregular
I went to the park and met my friend.

A2 Grammar Lesson
A2-08 Adjectives
It has a really nice food court.

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A2-09 Comparatives
San Francisco is smaller than Los Angeles. It is also colder.

A2 Grammar Lesson
A2-10 Superlatives
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