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Vocabulary Quiz
close to • capital • crowded
fun-loving • accepting • don't mind
  1. The bar usually isn't this .
  2. How far are you from the city?
  3. They are of people from all over the world.
  4. I waking up early.
  5. He must be seventy years old now.
  6. It's good to be , but sometimes you need to focus.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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5 Australia
Michael talks a little about his country, Australia and about its cities.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

about, under, close to

There's about 20 million - a little bit under, but close to 20.

We use these phrases before giving an approximate number or distance to show that it is not the exact number.  Notice the following:

  1. There are just under one million people living here.
  2. It's close to nine hours by bus to get there.

capital (city)

What is the capital city of Australia?

A capital city is the official location of governmental offices within a state or country.  The capital is usually, but not always, the largest city.  Notice the following:

  1. Do you live near the capital?
  2. You can visit the governmental buildings in the capital city.

get crowded

The politicians didn't want Sydney to get too crowded.

If a place 'gets crowded', too many people are there at the same time and it makes moving around more difficult.  Crowded places are not usually comfortable to be in because there is not enough space. Notice the following:

  1. This town gets really crowded during the summer.
  2. The gym gets crowded after 5 o'clock.

fun-loving or accepting

Australians are fun-loving and accepting of other people.

Someone who is 'fun-loving' enjoys having a good time.  An 'accepting' person doesn't make judgments about other people.  They appreciate people from all different backgrounds.  Notice the following:

  1. He is a fun-loving person, but he can be serious too.
  2. My grandparents aren't the most accepting people.

don't mind

We don't mind making new friends and conversing with other people.

If you 'don't mind' doing something then it is not a problem for you.  We use this phrase for things we don't necessarily like, but they are not a big deal. Notice the following:

  1. She doesn't mind traveling by train.
  2. I don't mind pizza, but I prefer pasta.