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Vocabulary Quiz
population • cosmopolitan • high-rise
by no means • on its own
  1. It's close, but can you walk there.
  2. We have a very young , but in about 15 years our economy will be very strong.
  3. They are building a new right next to our building.
  4. Our company has finally reached a point where it can stand .
  5. Many people want to live in cities.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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247 Dublin
Marion talks about Ireland's most famous city.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

young population

Dublin is a city that has a very young population.

If a city has a 'young population' it means that most of the people in the city are children or younger adults.  The word 'population' refers to the people that live in a specific place. Notice the following:

  1. The young, active population of this town make it a fun place to live.
  2. It is easier to provide for older people if a country has a young population.

cosmopolitan city

Dublin is kind of a cosmopolitan city.

If a place is 'cosmopolitan' it has people and experiences from all over the world.  Notice the following:

  1. My hometown is not cosmopolitan at all.
  2. New York is one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the world.

high-rise buildings

It wasn't such a culture shock, even though there are high-rise buildings.

'High- rise buildings' are buildings with many floors or stories that stand very tall into the air. Notice the following:

  1. We have an apartment in a high-rise building downtown.
  2. The skyline of the city is beautiful with many high-rise buildings.

by no means

Dublin is by no means rural anymore.

The phrase 'by no means' can easily replaced with 'not' or 'in no way' but we use this phrase for emphasis. Notice the following:

  1. It is by no means my favorite job ever, but it pays the bills.
  2. By no means is your room clean.

stand on its own

I think Dublin is a city that can stand on its own.

If something can 'stand on its own' it doesn't need help from anyone. It is independent, in this case, from other cities. Notice the following:

  1. I think this school can separate from the corporation and stand on its own.
  2. She graduated from school, has her own apartment and can stand on her own.