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Vocabulary Quiz
at least • as well • less than
nocturnal • over
  1. Are you starting university in the fall ?
  2. Many schools, or my school , have older teachers working there.
  3. They have to read eight hundred pages this week.
  4. My roommate is much more than I am.
  5. We have a half an hour before we have to leave.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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286 The Kiwi
Leo talks about this famous bird from New Zealand.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

at least

When people think of Kiwi, at least Americans, they think of the fruit.

We use the phrase 'at least' like this to give more specific information to a general statement.  The sentence isn't talking about all people, it is specifically talking about Americans. Notice the following:

  1. This week, at least Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, he will be very busy.
  2. Most teenagers, at least the students that I have, always have their cell phones with them.

as well

People in Japan think of the Kiwi as a fruit, as well.

'As well' means the same as 'also' and 'too.' Notice the following:

  1. I think I will get a chocolate ice cream as well.
  2. He works at Best Buy as well.

less than

There are less than one thousand brown Kiwis left.

The phrase 'less than' is used with a number to mean the same as 'fewer than.'  It means that the number of Kiwis left is below 1,000. Notice the following:

  1. We have less than a half a tank of gas.
  2. There were less than 50 people at the wedding.


The Kiwi is a nocturnal bird, so it only comes out at night.

Something that is 'nocturnal' is most active during the night. Notice the following:

  1. I am kind of a nocturnal person and enjoy staying up late.
  2. Bats are nocturnal animals.


In New Zealand, there are over twenty different types of birds that walk.

When 'over' is used like this it means 'more than' and is used in combination with a number. Notice the following:

  1. I have over 20 new emails.
  2. You must be tired.  You drove for over ten hours today.