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Vocabulary Quiz
captured • adoption • housebroken
abused • temperament
  1. We thought his would change when he got older, but my dog is really wild.
  2. That book my attention from the first page.
  3. Our group rescues animals that have been by their owners.
  4. You need to make sure he goes outside to go to the bathroom every hour because he isn't yet.
  5. There is a big pet event at the animal shelter this weekend.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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380 Dogs
Mary talks about her dogs.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

captured

They really have my heart captured right now, so I do spend a lot of time, you know, working on them and training them.

When something is 'captured' it means that it is taken and imprisoned without you being able to do anything about it. In this case, 'captured my heart' means that something has your attention and your interest.

Notice the following:

  1. The film really captured my imagination.
  2. I think the whole point of school is that it captures your imagination and gets you learning.

adoption

They had several dogs available for adoption.

'Adoption' is when an animal or person is given a home by people who have volunteered to take them in. If you adopt an animal you usually don't have to pay for it or you pay very little. With humans the adoption process is very long and expensive.

Notice the following:

  1. There are always lovely dogs that are in need of adoption and a good home.
  2. I can't talk care of my dog anymore and I am worried that I am going to have to put him up for adoption.

housebroken

He was already housebroken, and you know, in pretty good shape for bringing home.

When a pet is 'housebroken' it means that they are toilet trained and do not go to the bathroom in the house.

Notice the following:

  1. I only want to adopt a dog if it is already housebroken.
  2. With dogs and cats you need to get them housebroken as soon as possible.

abused

A couple of the dogs, Piper in particular, happen to have been an abused animal unfortunately in the first part of her life.

When something is 'abused' it means that it is treated in a very bad way. It usually means that someone is physically violent towards the animal or person.

Notice the following:

  1. Some animals that have been abused have problems with their character so you have to be careful.
  2. I take in animals that have been abused and get them ready to be re-homed.

temperament

She has never given me any concern or any reason to worry about her temperament.

A person's or animal's 'temperament' is the same as their character and personality. Temperament is used to describe whether a person or animal is gentle, violent, calm or full of energy on a normal basis. It is not used to talk about the current moment, but in general.

Notice the following:

  1. He has a great temperament and is great with the kids.
  2. You can't always tell a dog's temperament at first so you have to meet him a few times.