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Vocabulary Quiz
buildup • getting • spectacle
repertoire • uninitiated • stay
  1. She is a big when she drinks too much.
  2. This is my favorite move in your.
  3. Try to on your feet, but if you fall, you have to get up quickly.
  4. There is usually a lot of and tension in the office this time of year.
  5. I started into traveling after I finished university.
  6. The week will be over you know it.
  7. All of these games are still .
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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467 Sumo
Simon shares his thoughts about sports and sumo.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

buildup and tension

I like to watch a good game on TV, and it's even better if there's lots of buildup and tension for the match.

A 'buildup' is an increase in intensity, in this case, and increase in suspense.  There is 'tension' between two people when their relationship is strained.  Notice the following:

  1. Can you just tell me what is wrong? I feel a lot of buildup and tension.
  2. They didn't directly fight, but there was a lot of buildup and tension.

getting into

One sport that I've been really getting into recently is Japanese Sumo wrestling.

When used like this, 'getting into' means something that you are just starting to enjoy doing.  Notice the following:

  1. I would like him to get into exercise, but he is kind of lazy.
  2. I am really getting into cooking right now.


Japanese Sumo wrestling is quite a spectacle.

A 'spectacle' is a public display or show that attracts the attention of people.  Notice the following:

  1. Their house is always a spectacle around Christmas when it is full of lights.
  2. She made quite a spectacle when she feel down the stairs.


These wrestlers have a repertoire of martial arts and wrestling ability.

A wrestler's 'repertoire' is the skills or moves that he uses when fighting.  Notice the following:

  1. You need to add a new move to your repertoire.
  2. All of the jokes he is doing right now are part of his repertoire.


The matches are really short, so sometimes, the uninitiated don't know what's going on.

Something that is 'uninitiated' hasn't been started yet.  Notice the following:

  1. He is an uninitiated member right now.
  2. That discounted offer is uninitiated right now.

stay on your feet

Basically, the rules are stay on your feet and stay in the small circle.

When you 'stay on your feet,' you stay standing.  It means that you don't fall over.  Notice the following:

  1. My legs get really tired if I stay on my feet for a long time.
  2. If this is your first time ice skating, it will probably be hard for you to stay on your feet.

before you know it

They do everything they can, and finally, before you know it, the match is over.

You can use the phrase 'before you know it' to show that something happens more quickly than you would expect.  Notice the following:

  1. It will be Christmas before you know it.
  2. I will be there before you know it.