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Vocabulary Quiz
relatively • surrounding • respects
dormant • proximity • advent
  1. In some it made childhood more fun to have brothers and sisters.
  2. Four of the cities are involved in planning this festival.
  3. With the of spring, more people are doing activities outside.
  4. This restaurant is popular mostly because of its to all these hotels.
  5. It's warm for this time of year, but you should still wear warm clothes.
  6. Many animals are during the winter.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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492 Life in England
Steven talks about his hometown of Brentwood.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

relatively

I live in Brentwood, which is a relatively small town.

Here, 'relatively' means 'compared to other similar things.' Notice the following:

  1. Even though this jacket is still relatively expensive, this is a much more reasonable price.
  2. The store is relatively close, but it would be a long way to walk there.

surrounding

People often move into Brentwood from the surrounding towns.

The 'surrounding towns' are the towns that are around a particular. Notice the following:

  1. There are many different animals that live in the surrounding forests.
  2. Our school and most of the surrounding schools are shut down because of bad weather.

in some respects or dormant

In some respects, it's a dormant town, and people often travel out from Brentwood into London.

'In some respects' is another way to say 'in some ways.' When something is 'dormant,' it means that it is not active. Notice the following:

  1. In some respects, it's better that you stayed home from work today.
  2. Some of these mountains are dormant volcanoes.

proximity

Its proximity to London makes Brentwood expensive.

'Proximity' can be replaced by 'closeness.' Notice the following:

  1. The university's proximity to the lake makes it very cold in the winter.
  2. We lived in close proximity to my grandparents when I was growing up.

advent

The cinema actually closed down with the advent of out-of-town shopping centers.

Here, the 'advent' is the arrival of something. Notice the following:

  1. Our town has become full of advertisements with the advent of the new shopping center.
  2. With the advent of hybrid cars, many people feel guilty buying large vehicles.