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Vocabulary Quiz
little • memorabilia • garish
craftsmanship • vocabulary
  1. I would describe her style as old-fashioned and .
  2. All of the sculptures he makes are original and demonstrate excellent.
  3. You should increase your running speed by little until you reach your goal.
  4. Most of this medical is very specific and will only be used in a clinic.
  5. This whole box is full of from when I was a kid.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
story image

#513 Butsudan

Carla talks about her interest in the butsudan.

  • Transcript
  • Vocabulary
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview. Learn more here.

little by little

So, little by little I got interested in butsudan.

If something changes "little by little," it changes very slowly over a long time.  Notice the following:

  1. We watched the shadow move little by little until it covered the swimming pool.
  2. Little by little children become adults.


They also keep family memorabilia.

Memorabilia are items that are important for personal reasons and reminds the owner of past experiences. Notice the following:

  1. She put concert ticket on her wall as memorabilia.
  2. He kept every letter he ever received as memorabilia.


I'm not interested in the finished butsudan because it's a little bit garish.

If something is "garish" it is very decorated or elaborate, usually to the point of being excessive and maybe ugly.  Think of a woman wearing too much jewelry and make-up.  Notice the following:

  1. The design of the dress is beautiful, but the gold cloth is a bit garish.
  2. Their house is so garish inside you feel like you can't sit down without breaking something.


The making of them is fantastic and the traditional old-fashioned ways of craftsmanship are going out.

Craftsmanship is the work of a craftsman.  A craftsman is someone who is skilled or trained in a particular area. For example, a carpenter is a craftsman trained to work with wood and demonstrates his craftsmanship by building a beautiful table.  Notice the following:

  1. The glass vase demonstrated flawless craftsmanship.
  2. The jeweler was proud of the rings that he sold; each ring showed perfect craftsmanship.


It's not as if it's secret it's just that they have different vocabulary for the same thing.

Vocabulary is words or phrases in a language.  This word may also be used to describe a group of words in a language, such as medical or technological vocabulary.  Notice the following:

  1. It is difficult to understand Shakespeare because he used very old vocabulary, words that we no longer use today.
  2. I studied for my Spanish vocabulary test.  The topic was fruit.


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