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Vocabulary Quiz
against • clutter • wholesome
bombarded • defeats
  1. I need some time to think about all of this. I feel like I'm being with information right now.
  2. How can you find anything in this room with all this ?
  3. They are a very family and never use bad language.
  4. Cleaning your car before going on a long trip really its own purpose.
  5. All of her decisions now really go what she used to believe.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
story image

563 Technology

Jeff and Todd talk about technology and how it influences people.

  • Transcript
  • Vocabulary
notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview. Learn more here.

go against

I think it's gone against what it was originally invented for.

If you 'go against' something, you are opposed to it or have the opposite intention.  So if something was invented to save water and it actually uses more water than was used before, then it goes against the reason it was originally invented.  Notice the following:

  1. I'm not trying to go against your idea, but I think there are a few problems with it.
  2. Doesn't that statement go against what you just said?

clutter

It's cluttered our lives

 'To clutter' a place is to add unnecessary items that take up space and make normal life more difficult.  Notice the following:

  1. All of these ideas have cluttered my brain.
  2. Her clothes cluttered the floor in her room.

wholesome

I think they were busy but maybe more wholesome things.

Something is 'wholesome' if it has a good influence on people.  For example, wholesome entertainment would provide a good example and message to its viewers.  We also use this word to describe healthy and satisfying food.  Notice the following:

  1. The bread was very wholesome and still warm.
  2. My grandmother only watches wholesome movies.

bombard

Our minds are always bombarded with images or news.

To 'bombard' is to attack.  This can be in a literal sense, used to describe war.  More commonly we use this to describe an attack using questions, information or images.  Notice the following:

  1. Her daughter is at an age where she bombards everyone with questions.
  2. Every day you are bombarded with images that make you want to spend money.

defeats it's own purpose

Technology is good but I think sometimes it defeats it's own original purpose.

To 'defeat your own purpose' is to go against what you hope to achieve, usually without realizing it.  In the example, technology usually makes our lives easier, but sometimes it makes our lives more difficult when we have technological problems.  Notice the following:

  1. By trying to help him, I defeated my own purpose.  Now he is dependent on me.
  2. It really defeats the purpose if you exercise and then eat a lot of chocolate as a reward.

 

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