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Vocabulary Quiz
aerodynamic • alternative • hybrid
sense • congestion
  1. There has been a lot of work done on roads to help with the flow and of traffic.
  2. cars are great if you live in the city.
  3. It takes a while before you have a of freedom when you move to a new country.
  4. Our city is really focusing on how it can use fuels in the future.
  5. One of the biggest reason my car uses less gas is that it is very .
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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710 Cars of the Future
Phils talks about cars of the future and what they will be able to do.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

the aerodynamics

It's basically car design and basically technology in cars in all aspects: the engine, the performance, the aerodynamics.

The 'aerodynamics' of something are the features that it has which make it more streamlined and therefore go faster. An aerodynamic object is less affected by wind.

Notice the following:

  1. They are really good at designing the aerodynamics of cars.
  2. The first planes were not very aerodynamic.

alternative fuels

In the near future I think the big developments will be alternative fuels.

'Alternative fuels' are new types of fuel sources, other than those that are obtained from non-renewable energy sources. Some examples of alternative fuels are water, wind and solar power.

Notice the following:

  1. I had to write an essay about alternative fuels, and I did a lot of research into the topic.
  2. The government is investing a lot of money researching the different kinds of alternative fuels.

hybrid cars

I think the developments will be towards electric or hybrid cars.

A 'hybrid car' is a car that can be ran off both petrol and electric power. Some hybrid cars use only electric power when driving at slower speeds.

Notice the following:

  1. I recently bought a hybrid car, and now I rarely have to go to the gas station.
  2. Hybrid cars are still quite expensive to buy.

sense of freedom

People like the sense of freedom from having a car.

When you have a 'sense of freedom,' it means that you feel free to be able to move about and go the places you want when you want to go there.

Notice the following:

  1. When you are an adult, you have a greater sense of freedom, as you can make your own decisions.
  2. I have my own car now, and it has given me such a sense of freedom.

flow and congestion

Traffic flow and congestion is a problem.

Here, 'flow and congestion' refer to the movement of traffic. When traffic 'flows,' it moves freely and without problems. If traffic is 'congested,' it can't move quickly and is stuck in one place.

Notice the following:

  1. They need to deal with the flow and congestion of traffic on the busy roads.
  2. Traffic signals help to regulate the flow and congestion of traffic.