972 Common Errors
Tom and Jess discuss common mistakes students make in different countries.
- Audio Notes
Jess: In Spain I think the most common mistake was that in Spanish the noun people is a singular noun. You would say "le gente es" so when my Spanish speakers would use this noun they would always say, "Oh the people is very hungry" or "the people is very quiet" and I spent most of my time in Spain going "are - are -are" after these, the people even upper intermediate, advanced learners will still making that mistake.
In France, one very common mistake was the pronuciation error. The sound "Th" at the beginning words, for example, "there" or "those" that the French would pronounce with a zed sound, so "zere" or "zose" and I was very reluctant to correct it because it's such a sexy accent and it sounds so much more gorgeous with the French "ZZ" but I did have to correct it and I was always in France sticking my tongue out of my mouth to emphasize to them that there tongue needed to be forward to their teeth to make the correct sound.
You said you worked in Libya. What were the common mistakes for Libyan students?
Tom: One that always made me smile was when a cheery student or the security guard at the school or people that I met around the compound where I was living would give me a cheery wave and say "How are you? I'm fine" and it took me a good month or two before I realized that in Arabic the question and answer to go together. It just sounds strange in English. I thought they were jumping the gun by answering their own question.
Jess: Sounds like they were talking to themselves. And how about in Japan?
Tom: Now, Japanese have another common phrase which I think it used both in Japanese and because it comes from English they use it in English to. It's "so-so". I'm not quite sure when you might use it. It's when things are not quite good, not quite bad, so if you say, "hey, how are you doing?", they will say "so-so" or if you say, "Hey, how's your food?" they'll say, "so-so". It's not English and the first few months I had of hearing that, I really couldn't quite work out. I understood the meaning, but I knew that it was not something I would ever say, but the difficulty there is trying to think of a good alternative. It's that kind of non-commital, I don't really care answer. I like strong opinions. I love it. I hate it. Let's leave this so-so.
Jess: I agree. It's like over use of the adjective nice. It just sounds really bland.
It is a very cute phrase.
A cute phrase makes us smile when people use it though the grammar
may be terrible. Notice the following:
- In Thailand 'same-same but different' means 'similar'.
- Some Thai students also say 'my friend you' to talk about your friend.
I spent a minute trying to get the phrase over to her.
To get a phrase over to somebody means to make them understand the meaning. Here are two samples:
- It took several examples to get the phrase over to his students.
- No matter how hard I tried, I couldn't get the phrase over to him.
The noun 'people' is not a singular noun.
A singular noun talks about one person or thing. Notice the samples:
- 'Child' is a singular noun while 'children' is plural.
- Singular nouns are the easiest vocabulary to learn and use.
It sounds so much more gorgeous.
Gorgeous means very beautiful. It's generally used for things we can see and rarely used in the comparative. For things we hear, 'beautiful' is a better choice. Here are two samples:
- In high school, my girlfriend chose to study French over Spanish. She thought French sounded much more beautiful.
- I think Portuguese sounds more beautiful than any other language.
Sticking my tongue out of my mouth was not a good idea.
When we stick our tongue out, we move it out of our mouth, past our
lips. Notice the samples:
- I'm always sticking my tongue out of my mouth to get students to correctly pronounce the number three.
- Sticking your tongue out is very impolite in some cultures.
He's non-committal about the project.
When we are non-committal, it means we cannot or will not make a decision about something. Notice the following:
- We invited John and Sarah to the party but they were very
non-committal about coming.
- I'm not impressed with either of the two candidates so at this point I'm very non-committal.