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make-up • limp • footage
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1055 Moon Hoax

Jonathan talks about how some people think NASA never went to the moon and his thoughts on the matter.

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notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

entire footage

If you see the entire footage, the astronaut takes time to plant the flag.

Footage is the film taken for a video. When you talk about seeing the entire footage, then you refer to seeing all the video that was filmed. Notice the following:

  1. Coaches always review the entire footage of a game.
  2. The director's cut allowed viewers to see the entire footage of the movie.

hang limp

The flag hangs completely limp.

When something hangs limp, it hangs with no spring or strength. A flag always hangs limp when there is no wind. Notice the following:

  1. The boxers were so tired, their arms hung limp at their sides.
  2. The student was so deep in sleep in class, his head hung limp on his chest.

take into account

They did not take into account that the moon is a light source.

When you take something into account, you keep it in mind when considering something else. Notice the following:

  1. When planning a trip overseas, you should take into account the customs of the country you are visiting.
  2. Good teachers take into account the learning styles of all students when preparing lessons.

the make-up

They did not take into account the make-up of the moon's surface.

The make-up of something is the composition of something. It is the collection of everything that makes something. The make-up of things can be physical items, while the make-up of people can be character traits.

  1. He has the right mental make-up to be a good police officer.
  2. The make-up of the desert soils is too harsh to grow plants.

a big joke

NASA thought is was a big joke.

When something is a big joke that means people do not take it seriously and perhaps think something is silly or unprofessional. If you say someone is a joke that means you do not respect that person.

  1. Our new boss is a joke. He does not know what he is doing.
  2. The party was a big joke. It was poorly planned.
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