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1104 Red State / Blue State

Shiloh and Adria talk about living in a red state and a blue state.

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Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.


I'm also from largely a red state but we have blue enclaves inside that state.

An enclave is a small group of people who are in some way different from the people living around them. Notice the following:

  1. There's a small enclave of Vietnamese immigrants living in the city.
  2. The city's divided into several small cultural enclaves.


I definitely think that there's quite a gridlock in the US political system

In politics, gridlock is a term used to describe a situation where disagreement makes progress slow and difficult.. Notice the following:

  1. There's so much gridlock that nothing gets done.
  2. Gridlock's been a a problem since the last election.

sticks with

He just sticks with the Republican ideals.

To stick with something means we continue with it even if it is difficult. Notice the following:

  1. Let's stick with the original plan.
  2. He wants to stick with the same supplier.


Political radio shows are always bashing the opposition.

When we bash something, that means we speak in a strongly negative way about it. Notice the following:

  1. He's always bashing the conservatives.
  2. Bashing the opposition is normal in politics.

wind up

What you wind up listening to is just argument against a party.

We use the term 'wind up' to talk about the result of an action. Notice the following:

  1. Many people wind up losing their money.
  2. We got lost and wound up where we started.