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run out • more • sustainability
zero • situation stands
  1. As the , we'll have to call for an emergency meeting.
  2. I hope we don't of gas before we reach the next station.
  3. Cellphones are becoming more and advanced.
  4. We have cash on hand.
  5. Think about the of a business before you start one.
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1106 Energy Options

Kat talks about the various options we have for energy in the future.

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Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

run out

We're going to run out of oil in the next couple of decades.

When we run out of something that means there is nothing left. Notice the following:

  1. If I don't find a job, I'll soon run out of money.
  2. Time ran out before he finished the test.

more and more

Solar panels are becoming more and more efficient.

The term more and more is used to describe an amount that is slowly increasing. Notice the following:

  1. More and more people are working from home.
  2. Cars are becoming more and more fuel efficient.


What about as far as cost performance goes and sustainability?

Sustainability means we are able to use something over a long period of time. Notice the following:

  1. Sustainability was the main topic at the energy conference.
  2. The current energy policy is not sustainable.


Now if you have zero oil, how are you going to produce these renewable energy resource products?

Here, we use the number zero to express that there is nothing left of something. It's very informal. Notice the following:

  1. There is zero time left.
  2. He has zero support from the working class.

as the situation stands

Well, as the situation stands right now, renewable energy will not be able to take care of our energy needs

The phrase 'as the situation stands' is used to describe or give an update on a current situation. Notice the following:

  1. As the situation stands, she's sure to win the election.
  2. As the situation stands, we'll have to cancel the meeting.