1113 The Inter-America Court



Katia talks about how law is settled for some people in international court.

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Todd: Katia, we've been talking about law and international law. Now you worked in Argentina for an NGO, a non government organization, related to law. What kind of courts did you work for or work with?

Katia: Actually it's one court. The Inter-American Court but also before bringing a case into the court, we had to work with the Commission, with the Inter-American Commission first so it's two different entities, the Commission and the Court.

Todd: Can you first explain the Court, so Inter-American Court that's all the countries in South America?

Katia: Actually this is the countries of South America, Central America and North America, so it's North and South America.

Todd: So how does the Court work?

Katia: Well, the judges are from different countries of Latin American countries and the US for example or Canada and once a case is seen by the Commission, the Inter-American Commission, if the person that is suing wants to continue the sue or the state has not done what it is supposed to do, then it can be taken into the Court and then the Court will decide whether the state has committed or it's in fault or not and will give a sentence.

Todd: So does this Court have a lot of power, like for example can other smaller countries or can any country just ignore it, ignore the ruling?

Katia: Well yes they can ignore it but it will not be seen very good by other countries. It's not an obligation. You cannot force the country to do something but it's very rare for this to happen. Maybe it takes a long time for a state to pay the victim or to do something regarding the decision but usually they do obey, most of the time.

Learn Vocabulary from the lesson

bring a case to court

before bringing a case into the court, we had to work with the Commission.

Lawyers bring a case into court to seek a ruling. Notice the following:

  1. We had to file the paperwork before bringing the case to court.
  2. Bringing a case to court takes a lot of preparation.

ignore

Can any country just ignore it, ignore the ruling?

When we ignore something , that means we pay no attention to it. Notice the following:

  1. Just ignore him and he'll go away.
  2. We can't ignore the deadline.

entity

It's two different entities, the Commission and the Court.

Here, entities are two separate parts of the legal system. Notice the following:

  1. The tax department is a separate entity from finance.
  2. It's a different entity entirely.

sentence

The Court give a sentence.

A sentence is the penalty or punishment we receive if we are found guilty of wrongdoing in a court of law. Notice the following:

  1. He received a long sentence.
  2. The two year jail sentence was shorter than expected.

obligation

It's not an obligation. You cannot force the country to do something.

An obligation is something we must do. Notice the following:

  1. The company had an obligation to pay taxes.
  2. He was under no obligation to continue with the current supplier.
Answer the following questions about the interview.

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Vocabulary Challenge

Complete the sentences with the words below.
bring a case • ignore • entity
sentence • obligation
  1. I will choose to his criticisms.
  2. The family felt the given their son was unfair.
  3. She belongs to an entirely different .
  4. He has an to honor the contract.
  5. We didn't realize how difficult it was to to court.