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capital • turn into • a lot of
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1297 Hanging out in Santiago

Daniel gives Hana some tips about hanging out in his hometown of Santiago.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.


notesI’m from a city called Santiago, that’s the capital.

The capital is the most important city in a country. Notice the following:

  1. The capital of Australia is Canberra.
  2. Paris is the fashion capital of the world.

turn into

notesSantiago has turned into a really modern city.

'Turned into' means 'become'. Notice the following:

  1. He has turned into a really nice young man.
  2. We hope to turn the old building into a dance club.

a lot of

notesThere is a lot of nature in Santiago.

'A lot of' means 'many' or 'much'. It is used with count and non-count nouns. Notice the following:

  1. There is not a lot of crime in this city.
  2. There are a lot of jobs now in biotechnology.


notesAnd since Chile is so narrow, there is also the Andes Mountains right next to the city.

'Since' can mean 'because'. Notice the following:

  1. Since the party is over, I will go home.
  2. Let's stay home since it is cold outside.


notesThere is also the Andes Mountains right next to the city.

When the word 'right' comes next to a prepostion, it is similar to 'very' or 'exactly' in meaning. Notice the following:

  1. He is right in front of you.
  2. My house is right by a park.

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