Intermediate English Grammar (B1) Lesson 8 of 25

Modals of Obligation

Read and listen to four conversations using the grammar.

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Conversation 1

Man: I have to work tonight.
Woman: Really? I don’t have to. Today is my day off. When do you start?
Man: At 7, but I have to leave early to beat the traffic.
Woman: Yeah, you need to get going.
Man: What about you? What are you doing today?
Woman: Nothing exciting. I need to go grocery shopping, and I have to mail a few things.
Man: Sounds like fun stuff!
Woman: Yeah, I know, but I have to do it today, or else it won’t get done.

Conversation 2

Man: What are you doing tomorrow?
Woman: Nothing. I’m free all day. What about you?
Man: I have to do yard work today. My yard looks like a mess.
Woman: Really? What do you have to do?
Man: I have to cut the grass, trim the hedges, and pull the weeds.
Woman: Sounds like fun! I love gardening.
Man: Really? I hate it, but I have to do it. My yard looks like a jungle right now.
Woman: Would you like me to help? I love working outdoors.
Man: I’d love some help. You don’t have to, though.
Woman: No, I want to help. It’s relaxing. I don’t have a yard, so I never get to do it.
Man: Great. Can you come over around 10?
Woman: Yes, that works. See you then.

Conversation 3

Man: Do you have to wear a suit for work?
Woman: No, but I have to wear slacks and a tie. What about you?
Man: Yes, everyone has to wear a suit. It’s mandatory.
Woman: What a hassle! How many suits do you have?
Man: Just two for now, so I have to be careful with them and not get them dirty.
Woman: Why don’t you just buy a few more suits?
Man: I want to, but I must save money first.
Woman: Yeah, I know the feeling.

Conversation 4

Man: What are you doing over the summer break?
Woman: I’m working at a summer camp. This is my third season doing it.
Man: Oh, that sounds interesting. What do you do for your job?
Woman: Basic outdoors stuff. I take kids on hikes or go river rafting with them.
Man: I’d love a job like that. How long is the camp?
Woman: Six weeks, but you must work every day, and you must stay at the camp.
Man: I wouldn’t mind that. Are they hiring?
Woman: They are, but you have to have a driver’s license and be a good swimmer.
Man: I see. Well, I have a driver’s license, and I’m actually an excellent swimmer.
Woman: Well, then, you should apply. But you must do it by April 15th.
Man: OK, I can do that! How do I apply?
Woman: You just have to go to the website and apply online. I’ll send you the web address.
Man: Thanks! I’ll definitely apply. It sounds like a fun job.

Need to / Have to / Must

need to - shows an action is important and necessary.

  1. (Q) What do we need to bring?
    (A) You need to have a swimsuit.
    (N) You don’t need to wear a cap.
  2. (Q) Do we need to show ID?
    (A) Yes, you do.
    (N) No, you don’t.

have to- shows an action is important and necessary.

  1. (Q) What do you have to do?
    (A) I have to clean my rooms.
    (N) I don’t have to finish today.
  2. (Q) Do you have to go?
    (A) Yes, I have to. / Yes, I do.
    (N) No, I don’t (have to)

not have to - shows an action is not necessary

  1. You don’t have to come.
  2. You don’t have to read that.
  3. You don’t have to help

must - shows an action is important and necessary.

  • (Q) What must we do?
  • (A) You must try harder,
  • (N) You mustn’t do that again.

must not - shows an action is forbidden or should not be done.

  1. You mustn’t be late.
  2. You mustn’t make say that!
  3. You mustn’t trust him!
Answer these questions about the interview.

Gap Fill: Complete the conversation with the correct word!

More Grammar Conversations for Intermediate Students (B1)

Grammar Listening Practice

1247 Work from Abroad
B1-06 Want to / Would like to
I’d like to be a chef. I want to have my own restaurant.

1247 Work from Abroad
B1-07 Present Perfect - Experiences
I have been to Japan, Korea and China.

1247 Work from Abroad
B1-08 Modals of Obligation
What do you have to do today?

1247 Work from Abroad
B1-09 Zero Conditional
When it snows, do you go skiing?

1247 Work from Abroad
B1-10 First Conditional
Well, if it rains, we will play in the gym.

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