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Vocabulary Quiz
victim • certain • institute
facilitator • opposed
  1. There is a lot of research done at the universities medical .
  2. Her work as a for volunteers helped get a lot of things done in the community.
  3. Their son was a of an electrical fire.
  4. There are things about your parents that you are never going to change.
  5. He is very to eating meat, so could you find a vegetarian restaurant?
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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636 Fighting Aids
Patricia talks about what she is doing to help with the global Aids crisis.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.


My friend's aunt was probably the first victim of AIDS in our country.

A 'victim' is a person who suffers as a result of what happens to her. Usually when you talk about someone being a victim of disease, it means that the person died from the disease. Notice the following:

  1. He lost the ability to walk when he was a victim of a car accident.
  2. It sounds like you are just a victim of bad luck.

certain things

I think we all have to have workshops and lectures to discuss certain things.

'Certain things' are specific topics that must be discussed. Notice the following:

  1. Generally, he is very hard-working, but there are certain things that he really doesn't like to do.
  2. There are certain things that we want to promote at different times of the year.

medical institute

Someone who has worked at a medical institute would know more about AIDS.

A 'medical institute' would be any institution, such as a clinic or hospital, that deals with diseases and medicine. Notice the following:

  1. Medical institutes can be scary places if you are in a different country, and you don't know how to communicate.
  2. He is comfortable with illness, because he has done volunteer work at a few medical institutes.


These individuals can serve as facilitators for the workshops or discussions.

A 'facilitator,' in this sense, would be someone who leads discussions or coordinates the work of a group. Notice the following:

  1. He works as a facilitator to help people work out problems for themselves.
  2. We are looking for a facilitator for next week's topic.


It must be difficult for AIDS victims when their own families oppose them.

If you 'oppose' something, you are against it. In this case, when a victim's family opposes him, the family no longer accepts him and doesn't want him around the family. Notice the following:

  1. Are you opposed to the idea of driving that far?
  2. Many students are opposed to the new changes that have been made in the university.