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Vocabulary Quiz
ruling • Gaelic • elections
turnout • lower side
  1. Do you know what day the will be?
  2. In the past, members of the body rarely interacted with the common people.
  3. We sent out a lot of invitations, but because of the weather the number of people who came was on the .
  4. The for the concert was so good that we are going to do it again next year.
  5. Very few people speak nowadays.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.
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639 Irish Politics
Ruth explains the government of Ireland and talks about its leaders.

  • Transcript
  • Audio Notes
Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

ruling body

Aside from the president, Ireland has another set of ruling body.

Here, 'ruling body' refers to an organization that has the power to make and enforce rules. Notice the following:

  1. How many members does the ruling body have?
  2. There were many problems in the country, because the ruling body wasn't chosen by the people.


There are still some parts of Ireland that's Gaelic.

'Gaelic' is a Celtic language that includes what was spoken in ancient Ireland. Notice the following:

  1. The design actually has a Gaelic script.
  2. This story was originally written in Gaelic.


The elections for President and Prime Minister happen separately.

An 'election' is used to choose a public leader for a political office. This person is elected when the people vote in an election. Notice the following:

  1. We will have elections for student government next week.
  2. During the election years, there are a lot of debates on television.

high turnout

There is usually a high voter turnout among older people.

A 'high voter turnout' means that a high percentage of people who are of legal age to vote actually came to vote. Usually 'turnout' is used to compare the number of people who come to an event with the number of people who you expect to come. Notice the following:

  1. The event had a much higher turnout than we were expecting.
  2. They had a very high turnout for their CD release party.

on the lower side

The voter turnout among young people is on the lower side.

'On the lower side' refers to the fact that the turnout for younger people is lower than it should be or lower than it is for other groups. Notice the following:

  1. The average income for people in this area is on the lower side.
  2. Most of the grades on this test were on the lower side.