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rugged • struck • sparse
raw nature • lush
  1. The garden looks a little now, but in a few years it will be full of plants.
  2. The trees are so that there is excellent shade here.
  3. National parks are great places to see .
  4. The northern part of the state is very and full of mountains.
  5. I was really by how expensive everything was there.
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1141 South African Landscape

Peter talks about how South Africa has many different types of climates.

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Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

rugged

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I always though South Africa was really wild, rugged and hot.

'Rugged' landscape is rough, rocky, hilly or full of mountains. Notice the following:

  1. Much of the coast is very rugged, and there aren't a lot of nice, sandy beaches.
  2. Most of the trails are very rugged, so be sure to wear good walking shoes.

struck by

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You'd be really struck by how the vegetation can be so different within a morning's drive.

If you are 'struck by' something, it is really noticeable and it surprises you, because it isn't something you expected. Notice the following:

  1. I've lived here for so long that I'm no longer struck by the beauty.
  2. Everyone is struck by how tall he is.

sparse

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It has a desert type of landscape with very sparse vegetation.

If vegetation is 'sparse,' it means there are very few plants and trees on the landscape. It is not covered by plants. Notice the following:

  1. The hair on his head is getting a little sparse.
  2. My garden is a little sparse this year, because it didn't get enough water.

raw nature

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It's almost a bit strange to be confronted by so much raw nature.

'Raw nature' has not been touched or contaminated by humans. Notice the following:

  1. The northern part of the country has a lot of raw nature and great places to go camping.
  2. His cabin is surrounded by raw nature on all sides.

lush

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Especially in the north-eastern part of the country, there is lush tropical vegetation.

'Lush' is the opposite of sparse. Lush vegetation is extremely thick, almost to the point where you can't walk through it. Notice the following:

  1. Many of the women in this country have very long, lush, beautiful hair.
  2. This area is most beautiful in the summer when all the trees are lush and full of leaves.
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