Beginner English Grammar (A2) Lesson 14 of 25

Present Continuous / Future

Read and listen to four conversations using the grammar.

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Conversation 1

Man: Why are you leaving early?
Woman: I’m going to the dentist.
Man: Why? Do you have a toothache?
Woman: No, I’m getting my teeth cleaned.
Man: Well, if you are leaving early, I’m leaving early too.
Woman: Fine with me!

Conversation 2

Man: What are you doing tonight?
Woman: I’m meeting my mom for dinner.
Man: Oh! Where are you going?
Woman: We are going to the new Thai restaurant. Join us!
Man: Thanks, but I can’t. I’m playing futsal tonight.
Woman: Well, maybe next time.

Conversation 3

Man: What classes are you taking next term?
Woman: I’m taking math and history.
Man: Nice, I’m taking math too!
Woman: Who is teaching the class?
Man: Professor Smith is teaching it.
Woman: Oh no, I hear he is hard!

Conversation 4

Man: What is going on tonight?
Woman: Bill is having a party.
Man: Oh, really? When and where?
Woman: He’s having it at his house. It is starting at six.
Man: Who is going?
Woman: Everyone’s going. You should come!

Present Continuous

Point 1: We often use the present continuous for plans we do not expect to change.
  1. I am meeting my dad tonight.
  2. I am working tomorrow.
  3. I'm not doing anything tonight.
  4. I'm not leaving until Monday.
Point 2: We often use the present continuous when someone else is aware of your plans; meaning it is scheduled.
  1. I'm meeting Sue tomorrow.
  2. My mother is coming over tonight.
  3. She's not arriving until Sunday.
  4. The meeting is starting soon.
Point 3: If the plans involve just one person, we usually use going to + verb instead.
  • I am not working tomorrow. (Other people expect it.)
  • I am going to stay home and study.
  • Bob is not coming to the party. (Other people expect it.)
  • He is going to skip the party this time.
Point 4: Going to and the present perfect are very close in meaning. You can usually use going to instead of the present continuous; the meaning stays the same.
  1. I am meeting my friend for lunch.
  2. I am going to meet my friend for lunch.
  3. I am leaving for Spain on Monday.
  4. I am going to leave for Spain on Monday.
Point 5: The difference between will, going to and the present continuous depends on how much people know in advance.
  1. I will meet you tomorrow. (I just thought to do this.)
  2. I am going to meet you tomorrow. (I already thought of it.)
  3. I'm meeting you tomorrow. (It's scheduled. Other people know about it.)
Answer these questions about the interview.

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This Grammar Puzzle will be available May 6th.

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I’m meeting my mom for dinner.

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