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Vocabulary Quiz
gender roles • masculine • the bread
 nanny • half-a-year old • depends on
  1. They are looking for a to care for their kids in the summer.
  2. She still her parents to buy her clothes and food.
  3. have changed a lot since my grandparents were young.
  4. He is only a , but he is really big.
  5. She is very in the way she dresses.
  6. It makes her feel good to bring home in her family.
Comprehension Quiz
Answer the following questions about the interview.

955 Gender Roles in Estonia
Kadi talks about changing gender roles for women in Estonia.

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Vocabulary notes (text only) explain key vocabulary and phrases from the interview.

gender roles

notesCan you talk about gender roles?

Gender roles talk about the actions and responsibilities of men and women in particular cultures. Notice the following.

  1. Gender roles in my country have changed a lot in the past 20 years.
  2. We discussed gender roles in sociology class today.


notesWomen are becoming more masculine.

Here, 'becoming more masculine' means women doing things that were traditionally done by men. Notice the sample sentences.

  1. Traditionally masculine jobs are now being done by women.
  2. Jobs traditionally held by men are sometimes said to be masculine.

bring home the bread

notesIn Estonia, women are often the ones who bring the bread in the house.

Someone who 'brings the bread in the house' is the person who makes money to take care of the family. We usually call this person 'the bread winner'. Notice the samples.

  1. In my family, mom is the breadwinner.
  2. I'll be the sole breadwinner until my wife finishes her master's degree.



We have nannies for working mothers.

A nanny is someone who is employed to take care of children in the children's home. Here are some samples.

  1. She hired a nanny to take care of the children while she was at work.
  2. Nannies are usually not well paid.

half-a-year old

notesYou can go to work when your child is like, half-a-year old.

'Half-a-year old' simply means 6 months old. Notice the sample sentences.

  1. Our son is only a half-a-year old and already he 's walking.
  2. When I was a half-a-year old, my mom went back to work.

depend on


It depends on the contract.

People say 'it depends on' something to show they are not sure. They need more information. Notice the samples.

  1. He'd like to study abroad, but it depends on the cost.
  2. I might go to the party, but it depends on who's going to be there.